Continuity and Change: Aboriginal Title and Rights in British Columbia

Brief Description of Lesson

The following curriculum materials are specifically geared toward incorporating First Nations content into the classroom and are available for professional use/public access and downloading in PDF and Word format.

The lesson plan has been developed to coincide with the British Columbia Social Studies 11 Integrated Resource Package and the following prescribed learning outcome:

"Students will demonstrate knowledge of the challenges faced by Aboriginal people in Canada during the 20th century, and their responses, with reference to…reserves…[and] treaty negotiations” (BC SS 11 IRP, p. 21).

The lesson is adaptable to also meet prescribed learning outcomes for Social Studies 10, Civics 11, and BC First Nations Studies 12.

The time allotment for the lesson is 160 minutes or roughly two classes. Some teachers have been able to do the lesson in one class while other teachers have taken up to three classes.

We encourage teachers and community members to review and use these materials as they apply to your classroom and/or research needs. When using and adapting these educational materials and resources, we ask that teachers and students respect First Nations cultural protocols.  Your community may have developed cultural protocol statements which can guide your work.  See if your school or district has a First Nations liaison worker or resource person.  If there is no one working in your district that can help you, contact a local First Nations community, teacher's association, cultural centre or friendship centre.  If you can not find a local protocol or local help, you can base your work on the cultural standards developed by the Alaska Native Knowledge Network.  We have highlighted some of the points as a pdf document. You may want to set time aside to discuss cultural protocols with your students.

Impacts of colonialism and racism are not directly addressed in the lesson, although the issues are inherent to the subject matter. If you require an anti-racism kit for your classroom, the First Nations Education Steering Committee (FNESC) provides a free toolkit on their website: http://www.fnesc.ca/about/about_anti_racism.php

The Task

After reading some background information, you will examine a series of documents from the Union of B.C. Indian Chiefs website, including perspectives of both aboriginal and non-aboriginal points of view. Your task will be to evaluate what has changed and what has remained the same over the 20th century, and to use this to provide recommendations for policy makers in the present. It will be important to consider both sides of the debate and to assess the moral implications for policy-makers today.

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