Hudson's Bay Company Chaplain and missionary Reverend Herbert Beaver arrives at Fort Vancouver

Eager to send a chaplain to the Columbia Department to enforce Christian values upon Hudson’s Bay Company employees and Indigenous people, the London Governor and Committee and Hudson’s Bay Company Governor, George Simpson, appoint Herbert Beaver in 1835 to serve as a chaplain and missionary for Indigenous people at Fort Vancouver. Beaver denounces the company’s practices of marrying multiple Indigenous wives and enslaving Indigenous people, creating great tension with chief factor, Dr. John Mcloughlin. After only two years, Beaver returns to London after facing much difficulty in working with the Hudson’s Bay Company. 

Clark, R. C. "Editorial Comment: Reverend Herbert Beaver." Oregon Historical Quarterly 39, no. 1 (1938): 66. Accessed March 1, 2021.

Jessett, Thomas E. "Herbert Beaver (1800-1858): First Anglican Clergyman West of the Rocky Mountains." Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church 16, no. 4 (1947): 425-426, 431. Accessed March 1, 2021.

(Further reading): Beaver, H., & Clark, R. (1938). Experiences of a Chaplain at Fort Vancouver, 1836-1838. Oregon Historical Quarterly, 39(1), 22-38. Retrieved March 1, 2021, from